European Integration Theory

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This is an important finding because it deconstructs the sui-generis thesis. In a similar way, most recent research attempts to grasp the EU as a distinct system of cultural sense-making and identity building Pichler Further developing his conception of European heritage and the idea of Europe, Delanty concludes that the opposition to war is a key mode how the EU has produced unity ibid.

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It has shaped the way in which Europeans have constructed a shared identity ibid. Other scholars have similarly pointed to the close relationship between EU identity building and decolonisation Hansen and Jonsson A non-teleological, non-biased and less EU-centric theory of European integration should consider the EU a distinct entity within the spectrum of Europeanisation and globalisation processes since EU-centric narratives cannot explain the EU as a cultural network that arose out of this global context Patel , ; Pasture ; Wintle ; Delanty ; Schmale When we compare the EU to other forms of European cooperation, such as the ones mentioned above, this question is the most pressing one ibid.

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Current scholarship does not analyse the imagined community of the EU against the backdrop of global cultural tendencies, such as the rise of nationalism or the crisis of liberal democracy. The shift of perspective in European integration studies has led to discussions about a cultural-historical theory of European integration.

However, there is no established consensus on such a theory. The book The book explains the centrality of theoretical work to the study of integration and the EU and carefully locates different theories within their wider intellectual and 'real world' contexts.

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This thoroughly researched book engages with the key debates to have arisen from theoretical deliberations about European integration. It develops its own distinctive contribution, emphasising the importance of 'sociology of knowledge' questions when evaluating integration theory and stressing the continued significance of international theory to the study of the EU. Provides a thorough, authoritative and concise exposition and assessment of the main theoretical perspectives on European Integration Wide export potential, especially in Continental Europe.

The EU adapts around policy decisions per year. This influences the vertical effect of EU Law and might be viewed as going against the doctrine of subsidiarity, which asks whether the measure should be taken at the EU level or at the national level. In other words, the presumption was that the measure would be better adapted at the national level. With Europeanisation, this seems no longer to be the case — the balance which subsidiarity attempts to maintain is swayed.

Edited by Antje Wiener and Thomas Diez

This may lead to convergence of policy between the national and supranational levels ibid. It does, however, leave blank spots as we move down the hierarchy. A solution to the problem could be recognising the limits of the integration theory and implementing new agendas to fill in the policy vacuums.

This primarily means redrawing the balance between primary and secondary legislation and could involve introducing amendments to the Treaties. Such attempts could, however, be viewed as steps into the opposite direction, thus rendering the Union less democratic in the eyes of various Member States. It would also amend or effectively replace various policies fundamental for the EU and as a result it seems that Liberal Intergovernmentalism itself can hardly be changed.

It appears to be an optimal solution to the issues of European integration, which Neofunctionalism failed to address. Integration theories for organs as big as the EU may be hard to change swiftly and the EU needs relatively swift reform to efficiently respond to current internal and external challenges. Legally speaking, the policy seems to work by building a compromise between the supremacy of EU Law and the requirements of democracy. On the other hand, the theory seems to favour the concentration of power and competences by the Union, resulting in Europeanisation.

The Political Economy of European Integration

This goes against the principle of subsidiarity. There is also some good news. The EU has undergone significant widening in the last two decades, with numerous new Member States joining the Union. It seems that such policy of widening will be stopped, with the Union opting for a policy of deepening the integration instead. If such appropriate reforms take place, Liberal Intergovernmentalism may be put back in the territory in which it was originally designated to be. The current issues may after all stem from the simple fact that the integration theory did not suggest widening the Union but rather its deepening.

This may explain why some states are turning their back on the EU e. Alternatively, the recent announcements may suggest that some states indeed will take measures to change their position within the Union. If this becomes a common phenomenon, the integration theory might be redrawn altogether.

Regardless of the future outcome, one observation must be made. The integration theory might be a source of Unions successes and failures. After all, the Union needed some mechanism through which it can efficiently generalise and articulate the wishes of the Member States. But of course, a single theory can only be an attempt at formulating the wishes of the states. As it was presented, there is evidence pointing that it might be correct and incorrect. A solution might be either a full revision or a subtle adjustment.

European Integration and Supranational Governance - Oxford Scholarship

The final decision rests entirely with the Member States. His interests lie in European, International and Commercial Law as well as advocacy. He is an eager participant of Model United Nations conferences, court mooting competitions and networking events.